Pawn 101: A pawn lender with restrictions
Recently (Feb. 27), we promised to tell you about the history of an unusual pawn shop that didn’t take gold – the favorite transaction of most pawnbrokers – or guitars, firearms, clothing or any of the many, many items that most pawnbrokers deal in.
It was the Provident Loan Society of New York, a non-profit established following the Panic of 1893. In those days, even large businesses could hardly obtain banking services for years, and the situation of the working family in need of a loan was desperate.
The Provident restricted its lending to diamonds, which were the form of portable wealth commonly used by ordinary people. The presentation of a diamond engagement ring was not just an expression of love. It indicated that the groom (the main wage earner in most working families in those days) was solid enough to provide a cushion, beyond the weekly pay envelope, for the security of his family.
In a time when health insurance and unemployment insurance were unknown, when a line of credit (similar to a credit card) was impossible for working families to obtain, possession of a diamond meant the difference between having a roof over their heads and being tossed onto the street in the event of layoffs or injuries or sickness.
But abusive lending practices were common.
The Provident was set up to serve the better-off working poor and middle class. It restricted itself to diamonds, as related in “God Bless Pawnbrokers” by Peter Schwed, an early president of the Provident who later went on to become chief executive of one of the largest publishing houses.
The Provident still exists, but it is not as flourishing as it once was, though today it accepts gold jewelry and gold watches as well as diamonds. While it offered a better deal for those families that had a diamond, it could not compete effectively with commercial pawnbrokers, who were ready to take bigger risks and offer more accommodations for people wanting short-term cash – and who did not have a diamond, even though they might own a TV, tools, or a violin.